present

present [prez′ənt; ] for v. [ prē zent′, prizent′]
adj.
[OFr < L praesens, prp. of praeesse, to be present < prae-, before (see PRE-) + esse, to be (see ESSENCE)]
1.
a) being at the specified or understood place; at hand; in attendance
b) existing (in a particular thing) [nitrogen is present in the air]
2. of or at this time; existing or happening now; in progress
3. now being discussed, considered, written, read, etc. [the present writer]
4. Archaic readily available, effective, etc.
5. Obs.
a) self-possessed; collected
b) paying attention
6. Gram. indicating action as now taking place (Ex.: she goes) or state as now existing (Ex.: the plums are ripe), action that is habitual (Ex.: he speaks with an accent), or action that is always the same (Ex.: the clock strikes twelve at noon): see also HISTORICAL PRESENT
n.
1. the present time
2. Obs. the present occasion
3. [pl.]
a) the present words or writings
b) Law this very document [know by these presents]
4. Gram.
a) the present tense
b) a verb form in this tense
5. [OFr, in phr. mettre en present à, to put before (someone), present, offer, hence a gift] something presented, or given; gift
vt.
present [ME presenten < OFr presenter < L praesentare, to place before, lit., to make present < praesens: see PRESENT the adj.]
1. to bring (a person) into the presence of, and introduce formally to, another or others
2.
a) to honor (someone), esp. formally, with a gift, award, etc. [the mayor presented him with the keys to the city]
b) to provide or confront (someone) with something [this presents us with a difficult problem]
3.
a) to offer for viewing or notice; exhibit; display; show
b) to offer (a show, exhibit, etc.) to the public
4. to offer for consideration [to present a plan, opportunity, etc.]
5. to give (a gift, donation, award, etc.) to a person, organization, etc.
6. to hand over, give, or send (a bill, credentials, etc.) to someone
7. to represent, depict, or interpret in the manner indicated
8. to point or aim (a weapon, etc.)
9. to nominate to an ecclesiastical benefice
10. Law
a) to put before a legislature, court, etc. for consideration
b) to bring a charge or indictment against
vi.
present
to come before a physician (with a particular symptom, medical history, etc.)
SYN.- GIVE
——————
present arms Mil.
1. to hold a rifle vertically in front of the body, with the muzzle up: a position of salute
2.
a) this position
b) the command to assume it
SYN.- PRESENT and GIFT both refer to something given as an expression of friendship, affection, esteem, etc., but GIFT more often suggests formal bestowal [Christmas presents, the painting was a gift to the museum ]; DONATION applies to a gift of money, etc. for a philanthropic, charitable, or religious purpose, esp. as solicited in a public drive for funds [a donation to the orchestra fund ]; GRATUITY applies to a gift of money, etc. for services rendered, such as a tip to a waiter

English World dictionary. . 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Present — Pres ent, a. [F. pr[ e]sent, L. praesens, entis, that is before one, in sight or at hand, p. p. of praeesse to be before; prae before + esse to be. See {Essence}.] [1913 Webster] 1. Being at hand, within reach or call, within certain contemplated …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Present — Pres ent, n. [Cf. F. pr[ e]sent. See {Present}, a.] 1. Present time; the time being; time in progress now, or at the moment contemplated; as, at this present. [1913 Webster] Past and present, wound in one. Tennyson. [1913 Webster] 2. pl. (Law)… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Present — Pre*sent , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Presented}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Presenting}.] [F. pr[ e]senter, L. praesentare, fr. praesens, a. See {Present}, a.] 1. To bring or introduce into the presence of some one, especially of a superior; to introduce… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Present — Pres ent, n. [F. pr[ e]sent .] Anything presented or given; a gift; a donative; as, a Christmas present. [1913 Webster] Syn: Gift; donation; donative; benefaction. See {Gift}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Present — Pre*sent , n. (Mil.) The position of a soldier in presenting arms; as, to stand at present. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Present — Pre*sent , v. i. (Med.) To appear at the mouth of the uterus so as to be perceptible to the finger in vaginal examination; said of a part of an infant during labor. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • PRÉSENT — ENTE. adj. Qui est, qui se rencontre dans le lieu dont on parle. En ce sens, il est opposé à Absent. Selon le dogme catholique, JESUS CHRIST est présent dans l eucharistie. J étais présent lorsque la chose arriva. Tous ceux qui s y trouvèrent… …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 7eme edition (1835)

  • PRÉSENT — s. m. Don, tout ce qu on donne gratuitement et par pure libéralité. Présent magnifique. Il leur a fait de grands présents. Il est défendu aux juges de recevoir aucun présent des parties. Se laisser corrompre par des présents. C est un homme qui… …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 7eme edition (1835)

  • present — I. noun Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo French, from presenter Date: 13th century something presented ; gift II. verb Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo French presenter, from Latin praesentare, from praesent , praesens, adjective Date:… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • PRÉSENT — n. m. Don, tout ce qu’on donne gratuitement et par pure libéralité. Présent magnifique. Il leur a fait de grands présents. Il est défendu aux juges de recevoir aucun présent des parties. Se laisser corrompre par des présents. Donner quelque chose …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 8eme edition (1935)

  • Present value — is the value on a given date of a future payment or series of future payments, discounted to reflect the time value of money and other factors such as investment risk. Present value calculations are widely used in business and economics to… …   Wikipedia


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